Alternative provision of Basic Education and Training (APBET) Schools

The Constitution of Kenya (2010), Article 43, recognizes that every person has a right to education, and Article 53(b) states that every child has a right to free and compulsory basic education. This is effected by section 39(c) of Basic Education Act 2013, which mandates the Cabinet Secretary to ensure that children belonging to marginalised, vulnerable,or disadvantaged groups are not discriminated against or prevented from pursuing and completing their basic education. Section 95(3) (i) and (j) of the Act also mandates the Cabinet Secretary to make regulations with respect to the conduct and management of schools, prescribe how schools shall be classified, make provisions with respect to different classes or kinds of schools, impose conditions and make exemptions. The Alternative provision of Basic Education and Training (APBET) guidelines were developed on this basis.

APBET schools -Schools registered under APBET Guidelines- increases access to basic education and also decongests public primary schools. Kibera, Mathare and mukuru has approximately 272, 165 and 100 schools and only approximately 2.2%, 4.8% and 7% respectively are public schools. This shows the big role APBET schools and private school play hence need for more attention to ensure quality and equity in access to education


  • Ministry of Education, Science and Technology- Registration Guidelines for Alternative Provision of Basic Education and Training (APBET)- 2015, Foreword.
  • Source of data Openstreet map(OSM)


The maps shows the number of public schools per settlement compared to the private/APBET school

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