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An economic comparison of existing water supply to future water demand in 2025 and 2040 in relation to the size of the current municipal economy. In other words, the water supply deficit (urban and agricultural) in 2025 and 2040 is valued and compared to the current economy in order to assess overall vulnerability, The higher the %, the more vulnerable the municipality.



  1. Source: Quantec. Regional Output and GVA at basic prices by industry and 2011 municipal level (ward-based region for metros) 1995-2015 (v2 26Sep16)
  2. Source: Quantec. Employment and compensation by skill level, industry and 2011 municipal level (ward-based region for metros) 1993-2015 (v2 26Sep16)
  3. Source: Demarcation Board of South Africa.



Economic and Employment Cost of Water Constraints

An economic vulnerability assessment of a municipality due to expected future water constraints

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